National Institute Of Open Schooling
The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) has emerged as the largest open schooling
organization in the world. The project ‘Open School’ was unfolded in 1979 by the Central Board
of Secondary Education (CBSE). It was started as a project with in-built flexibilities. The project
was further strengthened by the National Policy of Education in 1986 by extending the open schooling
in a phased manner at secondary level with its own curriculum and examination leading to certification.
In 1989, the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD), under Government of India, set up a
National Open School (NOS). Later on, the pilot project of the CBSE on open school was amalgamated
with NOS. In July 2002, The MHRD amended the NOS to The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS),
providing continuing education at school level up to pre-degree level, an alternative to formal system.
The NIOS offers open and distance learning programme ranging from basic education to senior secondary education and a large number of vocational education courses. It provides opportunities to interested learners by making available the courses/programmes of study through open and distance learning mode.
NIOS has now been a prominent board in India. It provides the students with an opportunity to study from home. The NIOS follows the NCERT (National Council for Education Research in Training) syllabus, making it competent and equivalent to CBSE and CISCE boards. The NIOS syllabus is up-to-date.
The open and distant learning mode is helpful for those students preparing for entrance exams, especially for those completing their Secondary and Senior Secondary courses. The students these days starts preparing for competitive exams from the Class Xth/secondary level. The open and distant learning mode gives them ample time to study and concentrate on their competitive exams.